Optimalitáselmélet formális megközelítésben

Formal approaches to Optimality Theory


ELTE, 2017. tavaszi félév
BBN-ENY-450SZ:F3, BMA-ENYD-321:F3, P/NY/ENY-10::F3, P/NY/ANY-8.02
Biró Tamás

Kurzusleírás

Beharangozó

Részletes program folyamatosan…

Február 27: Bevezető (pdf).
Március 06: Az OT alapstruktúrája (Alan Prince 2017, OT Checklist, available on ROA 1306)
Az OT építőelemei 1: formák (pdf).
Március 13: Az OT építőelemei 2: jelöltek és Gen (pdf).
McCarthy, John J., and Alan Prince 1995. Faithfulness and reduplicative identity (ROA 60), pp. 12–25, 122–124.
Március 20: Bidirekcionális Optimalitáselmélet. Optimalitáselmélet és variációk.
Április 7: Paul Boersma: A programme for bidirectional phonology and phonetics and their acquisition and evolution.
In Anton Benz & Jason Mattausch (eds.), Bidirectional Optimality Theory, 33–72. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (pdf).
Április 10: Tanulóalgoritmusok. (pdf).
 
Március 27: Az OT építőelemei 2: constraintek, hierarchiák, nyelvtanok (pdf).

 

Irodalom:

Random bibliográfia (pdf).

Steve Parker and Mónica Parker (2004). Optimality Theory and Ethical Decision Making.
Work Papers of the Summer Institute of Linguistics, University of North Dakota Session, vol. 48.
Download (or local copy).

Bruce Tesar, Jane Grimshaw and Alan Prince (1999). Linguistic and cognitive explanation in Optimality Theory.
In Ernest Lepore and Zenon Pylyshyn (eds.): What is Cognitive Science? 295-326. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
Download (or local copy, passwd protected) manuscript.

Prince, Alan, and Paul Smolensky (1997). Optimality: From neural networks to universal grammar. Science 275: 1604-1610.
Reprinted in: Paul Smolensky and Géraldine Legendre (eds.): The Harmonic Mind:
From Neural Computation to Optimality-Theoretic Grammar (Vol. 1: Cognitive architecture).

MIT Press, 2006, chapter 4. Download (passwd protected).

Tamas Biro (2009). Elephants and Optimality Again: SA-OT accounts for pronoun resolution in child language.
In: Plank, Barbara and Tjong Kim Sang, Erik and Van de Cruys, Tim (eds.). Computational Linguistics in the Netherlands 2009.
LOT Occasional Series 14. LOT, 2009. Pp. 9-24. Pre-publication version. Ld. még ROA-1038.

 

További javasolt irodalom:

McCarthy, John (2002). A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory. Cambridge University Press. Chapter 2.

McCarthy, John (2008). Doing Optimality Theory: Applying Theory to Data. Blackwell Publisher. Chapter 1.

Paul Smolensky and Geraldine Legendre (ed., 2006). The Harmonic Mind: From Neural
Computation to Optimality-Theoretic Grammar
. MIT Press: Cambridge, MA.
  Chapter 1     Chapter 2     Chapter 3     Chapter 4  
  Chapter 12     Chapter 22     Chapter 23  

Luigi Burzio (2002). Missing Players: Phonology and the Past-tense Debate. Lingua 112, 157-199.
Publisher's website, or password protected local copy.

Paul Boersma and Bruce Hayes (2001). Empirical tests of the Gradual Learning Algorithm. Linguistic Inquiry 32(1): 45–86.
Download from LI website. Local copy (password protected).

Gerhard Jäger and Anette Rosenbach (2006). The winner takes it all – almost: Cumulativity in grammatical variation.
Linguistics 44(5): 937-971. Download local copy, or publicly available version.

Bruce Hayes, Kie Zuraw, Péter Siptár and Zsuzsa Londe (2009). Natural and unnatural constraints in Hungarian vowel harmony.
Language 85(4): 822-863. Download local copy or publicly available version.

Reinhard Blutner (2000). Some Aspects of Optimality in Natural Language Interpretation.
Journal of Semantics 17(3): 189–216. Official version and readable version.
For a more formal introduction to Bidirectional OT, read the first part of:
Gerhard Jäger (2002). Some Notes on the Formal Properties of Bidirectional Optimality Theory.
Journal of Logic, Language and Information 11(4): 427–451. Local copy.

Gerhard Jäger (2003). Simulating language change with Functional OT.
In Simon Kirby (ed.), Language Evolution and Computation, Proceedings of the Workshop at ESSLLI, Vienna 2003, pp 52–61.
Download from Gerhard's website, or local copy (password protected).

Gerhard Jäger (2006). Evolutionary Game Theory for Linguists. A primer.
Manuscript, Stanford University and University of Potsdam.
Link (local copy).

Véges állapotú OT és finn:

Lauri Karttunen (1998) The proper treatment of optimality in computational phonology.
Proceedings of the International Workshop on Finite State Methods in Natural Language Processing, ACL.
Download from several copies available online, or local copy.

Lauri Karttunen (2006). The insufficiency of paper-and-pencil linguistics: the case of Finnish prosody.
ROA-818, or download local copy.